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Lesson 10 - Likes and Dislikes
What is it?

Adjectives can be formed in three different degrees: The base adjective, the comparable adjective and the superlative, for example, hurtig, hurtigere or hurtigst (quick, quicker and quickest).

The Rules

Adjectives are formed in three different ways.

AdjectiveComparable AdjSuperlative
#1[base adj][base adj] +ere[base adj] +(e)st
#2[base adj]mere [base adj]mest [base adj]
#3Word change!

Unfortunately there are no hard and fast rules what adjective takes what method. It is a matter of practising and remembering!

Please note:

The superlative in Danish can be reinforced by adding the prefix aller, e.g. min mor laver den allerbedste mad (my mum makes the very best food).

When added to method #2 you'd say allermest, i.e. You'd add it to mest not the adjective itself.

Examples

#1 Regular

AdjectiveComparable AdjectiveSuperlative
dårlig
dårligere
dårligst
badworseworst
smuk
smukkere
smukkest
beautifulmore beautifulmost beautiful
grim
grimmere
grimmest
uglyuglierugliest
lav
lavere
lavest
shortshortershortest
høj
højere
højest
talltallertallest
stor
større
størst
bigbiggerbiggest

Notice that some adjectives 'double' their consonant in 2nd and 3rd degree.

#2 mere and mest

AdjectiveComparable AdjectiveSuperlative
blå
mere blå
mest blå
bluemore bluemost blue

#3 Word change!

AdjectiveComparable AdjectiveSuperlative
god
bedre
bedst
goodbetterbest
lille
mindre
mindst
smallsmallersmallest